History of Radio in Indonesia
In addition to the history of invention and innovation radio world, I am also interested to collect some material from various sources about the history of radio in Indonesia. Starting from the Government Radio, Private Radio to Amateur Radio that developed in Indonesia.
Radio Republic Indonesia.
Through its Web site or explained that the RRI Radio Republic Indonesia was officially established on September 11, 1945, by the previous leaders who actively operate several Japanese radio stations in 6 cities. Meeting delegates radio at home 6 Adang Kadarusman, Jalan Menteng Dalam, Jakarta, to produce a decision to establish Radio Republic Indonesia by choosing Dr. Abdulrahman Saleh as the general leader of the first RRI. The meetings also produced a declaration known as the Charter of 11 September 1945, which contains 3 grains commitment RRI duties and functions which became known as the Tri Prasetya RRI.
Elimination of the Ministry of Information by the Government of President Abdurrahman Wahid made the momentum of a process of change in government owned radio to the Public Service based Boradcasting with Government Regulation No. 37 of 2000 the President signed on June 7, 2000.
RRI currently has 52 broadcasting stations and broadcasting stations specifically intended to Foreign Affairs, supported by 8500 employees.
Except in Jakarta, RRI in the broadcast almost entirely conducted in the program Programa 3 areas that serve large segments of society to the countryside, Programa City (Pro II) that serves communities in urban and Programa III (Pro III) which provides news and information ( News Chanel) to the general public. In the Station Branch of Jakarta there are 6 programs that I program for listeners in the Province of DKI Jakarta Age Adults, Programa II to segment audiences and young adolescents in Jakarta, Programa III-news and information, Programa Cultural IV, V Programs for Education and Programs / channel VI Classical music and foreign language. As for "Voice of Indonesia" (Voice of Indonesia) conducted broadcasts in 10 languages.
Brief History of Amateur Radio in Indonesia
Amateur radio activities are those activities that have a hobby in the field of radio transmission techniques and electronics, these activities approved, regulated and supervised by both global bodies such as international telecommunications and the IARU and the ITU by the national telecommunications agency in every state. Therefore, in the conduct of their activities have and based Amateur Radio CODES.
Amateur radio activities in Indonesia started in the 1930s when Indonesia was still in the Dutch colony or the Dutch East Indies. Very few people trusted by the power to have amateur radio license at the time. Two of them are mentioned as pioneers is: Rubin Cain (YB1KW) which obtained permission in 1932. He had died in 1981. The second is B. Zulkarnaen (YB0AU) which obtained permission in 1933. He also had died in 1984.
All amateur radio activities were suspended in time Jepan occupation and World War II, but there from some people who still operate under the ground desperate for the interests of the Republic of Indonesia Independence Revolution.
Year 1945, declaration of independence of Indonesia broadcast around the world using a revolutionary radio transmitter made by an amateur radio called Gunawan (YB0BD). YBoBD services is recognized by the Government and as a tribute, a radio transmitter is made Gunawan stored in the National Museum of Indonesia.
Furthermore, the radio amateur activities organized back in 1945 until 1949. However, for reasons of internal security, in 1950, the government banned the radio amateur activities until the year 1967. The foundation is the prohibition of Act No.. 5 / 1964 which confirms a very severe punishment for those who have a radio transmitter without permission.
In 1966, amateur radio interests fighting for the government to be held amateur radio back in Indonesia. Finally, with the Government Regulation no. 21/1967, the government allowed back amateur radio activities.
Amatior Conference through the first radio to date. July 9, 1969 in Jakarta, established an organization called the Organization of Amateur Radio Republic Indonesia (ORARI). In ORARI year 1977 General Assembly, the organization's name was changed to Organization of Amateur Radio Indonesia with the same acronym until now.
ORARI formation can be said to begin in Jakarta and West Java or Java in general and the action initiated by the student activities, student and youth, early in 1965 a group of students joined in publistik U.S. container to form a radio broadcast called Radio Ampera struggle, starting immediately the rise of other radio broadcasts such as Radio Engineering Faculty University of Indonesia, Youth Radio, Kayu Manis, Draba, etc..
Of course all of the radio broadcast is a broadcast that does not have permission Radio aka the dark. Because more and more aware of the radio broadcasting emerged that require a coordination of the struggle for the achievement of the New Order was formed in 1966 by the students of a container labeled par (Sydney Amateur Radio Association) of which there are names like Willy D coordinator Karamoy. Ismet Hadad, Rusdi Saleh, etc.
The Bandung PARB formed. For members who are only interested in the technical field required exams for engineering and radio broadcasting groups in addition to a technician who has been tested through a test must also broadcast engineering and Publication. After that, all of which were given Callsign use X prefix, area code 1 to 11 and 2 letter suffix while the first suffix letter identifies the skill level of A s / d F as X6AM, etc. X11CB while for the radio broadcasts were given 3-letter suffix.
At first pard is an institution for the amateur radio and radio broadcasts at the same time. So at that time people wrongly identified as a radio amateur radio broadcasting non RRI. Because of the level of skill, pard immediately increase the level of test conduct. Besides, there is also the era 1945-1952 Amateur incorporated in PARI (unity Amateur Repoeblik Indonesia 1950), of which there is a name - the name, Soehodo †. (YBØAB), Dick Tamimi †. (YBØAC), Soehindrio (YBØAD), Agus Amanto † (YBØAE), B. Zulkarnaen †. (YBØAU), Koentojo † (YBØAV) etc.. Among them were some who were members of such par, (YBØAE) and (YBØAU).
Radio Broadcast Private
PRSSNI as a forum of private radio organization in Indonesia noted that the existence of a radio broadcast in Indonesia, has a history of close relations with the national struggle, both during the colonial period, the proclamation of the independence struggle, and in the dynamics of the fight for the life journey of a democratic society, just and prosperous.
In an age of Dutch colonization, the radio broadcast run by private foreign broadcast programs for commercial purposes, while the radio broadcast run by the indigenous private sector broadcast to promote arts, culture, besides the interests of national spirit movement. When the Japanese occupation in 1942, all broadcast radio stations controlled by the government, the propaganda program directed at the Greater East Asia War. But after Japan surrendered to the Allies August 14, 1945 the master broadcaster Radio Broadcast fighters that can carry a Text Declaration of Independence August 17, 1945 to the whole world. Furthermore since the proclamation of independence of Indonesia until the end of the Old Order government in 1965, Radio Broadcast is only held by the Government, in this case Radio Republic Indonesia or RRI.
Radio de facto national private broadcasting grows as the development of Indonesia professionalism "amateur radio" youth-led New Order in early 1966; the existence of legally recognized private radio broadcasting, with the requirement that organizers had a Legal Entity and can adjust to the provisions of Government Regulation number 55 years of Radio Broadcast 1970 Non-Government, which regulates the functions, rights, obligations and responsibilities of the radio broadcast, the terms of the organization, licensing and supervision.
Until today, I observed the development of private radio is getting better, especially after the fall of the New Order in 1998. Thanks for reform, because now I can listen to the actual news at any time via a private radio broadcasts more credible. We are no longer stuck listening to the news at certain hours. That's a positive thing, how the industry saw the opportunity at reform rolling.